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Wednesday, May 18, 2022

Kishau dam project,Asia’s second largest no longer a pipe dream; Govt all set to clear decks soon

Kishau Dam, an ambitious project of the governments of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand, on the Tons river, the largest tributary of the Yamuna, bordering the two states is expected to get underway soon.

Slated to be the second largest in Asia, the 236 metre high and 680 metre long dam, located at Shillai, in Sirmaur district, will generate over 660 MW of electricity and cater to the irrigation needs of Haryana, Rajasthan, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand, apart from Himachal Pradesh. The dam will also fulfill the demand for adequate water supply  in the capital Delhi, which will be the major beneficiary of this project.

The Himachal government has already begun preparations for the project and will hold meetings with the Central, as well as the Uttarakhand government to clear the path for its construction. The dam will be funded 90 per cent by the  Central Government and 10 percent by the governments of Himachal and Uttarakhand which will have equal access to it. Both governments have already given their consent for the construction of the dam.

The Central government had given it the status of a National project in the year 2008.  The seismic design of the dam will be done with the help of experts at IIT Rourkee, following which the revised DPR will be prepared. Initially envisaged at a cost of Rs 11,000 crores, it is now expected to be completed at a cost of Rs 15,000 crores after the DPR is revised.

A 32 km long lake  from Mohrad in Himachal to Tuni in Uttarakhand will be formed with the construction of the dam. The total area covered by the project will be 2950 hectares, of which 1498 hectares of land in Himachal and 1452 hectares of land in Uttarakhand will be submerged, affecting atleast 900 families in the vicinity.

17 villages including Mohrad, Mashwad, Kandyari, Nera, Baralani, Siasu, Thanana, Dharwa, in Shilai a sub-division of Sirmaur district, Gumma village and Phelag in Shila district will be affected by the construction of the dam.  Antroli, Kwanu, Savar and Kota in Uttarakhand district will also be affected.

Kwanu village situated on a plain between the mountains, on the banks of the Tamasa river is said to never have experienced a drought and hence it is being demanded that the project should have no adverse effect on the environment.

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